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The Final Judgment (Luke 20:9~18)
9 He went on to tell the people this parable: "A man planted a vineyard, rented it to some farmers and went away for a long time.
10 At harvest time he sent a servant to the tenants so they would give him some of the fruit of the vineyard. But the tenants beat him and sent him away empty-handed.
11 He sent another servant, but that one also they beat and treated shamefully and sent away empty-handed.
12 He sent still a third, and they wounded him and threw him out.
13 "Then the owner of the vineyard said, `What shall I do? I will send my son, whom I love; perhaps they will respect him.'
14 "But when the tenants saw him, they talked the matter over. `This is the heir,' they said. `Let's kill him, and the inheritance will be ours.'
15 So they threw him out of the vineyard and killed him. "What then will the owner of the vineyard do to them?
16 He will come and kill those tenants and give the vineyard to others." When the people heard this, they said, "May this never be!"
17 Jesus looked directly at them and asked, "Then what is the meaning of that which is written: "`The stone the builders rejected has become the capstone'?
18 Everyone who falls on that stone will be broken to pieces, but he on whom it falls will be crushed."
God Sent His Son (20:9~16)
This parable is directed toward the religious leaders who are trying to find a way to kill Jesus. The owner of the vineyard represents God, who is taking away the kingdom (the vineyard) from Israel (the tenants). Throughout the ages, God sent many of His prophets to call Israel to repent and prepare for the coming of the Messiah, but the Israelites had little regard for God’s Word and ignored, attacked, and even killed His messengers. Nevertheless, out of His great love and mercy, God sent His beloved Son, thinking that surely “they will respect him” (v. 13). But as this parable foreshadows with the tenants murdering the owner’s son, the Israelites will soon brutally execute Jesus.
- Repentance is a daily discipline, not a one-time event. How do you respond each day to Jesus’ call to repentance?
The Rejected Cornerstone (20:17~18)
When Psalm 118 was written, hundreds of years before Jesus came to this world, God’s plan was already laid out. Jesus’ death on the cross was part of God’s sovereign plan all along. The Messiah—the Savior of the world—would be rejected, killed, and raised from the dead. The stone that was rejected would become the cornerstone upon which the kingdom of God would be built. Jesus gives a strong warning of judgment to all who choose to reject God’s chosen cornerstone. Through this parable, Jesus delivers a prophecy of destruction for His opponents but a message of hope for those who have put their faith in Him.
- How often do you thank God for His grace? Thank Him today for Jesus’ sacrifice on the cross—for showing you mercy instead of the wrath you deserve.
A letter to God
Father, thank you for showing me mercy when I deserved condemnation. You gave Your Son for me, and because of Him I am now Your beloved child, too. Thank you for delighting in me in the same way that You delight in Jesus. In His name I pray. Amen.
* All Copyrights of the text in Living Life belong to Duranno Books.